Sure, rain, sleet, hail, or snow may not stop your mailman from delivering your mail- but what about earthquakes, tsunamis, or wildfires? Depending on where you live, you face different natural disasters that are risks for your area. Various natural disasters can cause storm damage to your home or community, but by knowing what you’re at risk for and being prepared before a natural disaster strikes, you can speed up your storm damage recovery and help protect your family.
The types of natural disasters and severe weather you should prepare for depends on what region of the United States you live in. For example, Californians should be well-versed in how to prepare for and deal with earthquakes, extreme heat, drought, wildfires, and, for coastal Californians, tsunamis. However, Californians can rest easy knowing they’re unlikely to experience hurricanes, winter storms, tornados, or thunderstorms.
The West Coast in general can count on avoiding hurricanes and tornados. Seattle has never had a documented hurricane, since the northwestern Pacific Ocean isn’t known for tropical storm activity; similarly, Portland, Oregon has the second-lowest tornado density in the country. Tornados are much more likely to happen in Great Plains states, such as Oklahoma, or the Southeastern area, such as Florida. Meanwhile, the only areas of the country that have a high risk of hurricanes are coastal cities in the southeast and east, most notably New Orleans, which is surrounded by water on three sides and actually sits below sea level.
When winter strikes, the northern half of the continental United States should dig out their down jackets and ice scrapers. Cities such as Chicago, IL and Buffalo, NY are notorious for their devastating winters, and both can blame their winter troubles on their proximity to lakes. Chicago’s winter storms are determined by Lake Michigan, while Buffalo has an exceptionally long winter because it’s near the Great Lakes. Meanwhile, Californians and other residents of the southwest think “bundling up” means donning a light jacket and jeans; San Francisco has only had six documented snowfalls of one inch or more in the last 150 years, while Phoenix only averages one day below freezing each year.
If your swimming skills aren’t up to par, consider moving to Denver, whose high elevation makes it an unlikely candidate for a flood; however, most of Colorado is at high risk for droughts. Another option might be Santa Fe, which typically has very low precipitation levels. Avoid New Orleans as well as New York City, which is at risk thanks to its position on an island.
Chances are that no matter where you live, you’re at some risk for a severe weather. However, you can quickly recover from natural disasters by being prepared and knowing what to expect from your region’s weather.